Muhammad did not know his Bible correctly. Muslims often say that the Gospel was corrupted, and Muhammad certainly did receive a corrupt version of the Gospel there in Arabia (however, the true Gospel has been preserved). For example, the Quran calls Mary, the mother of Jesus, by the name of Miriam. It then confuses this Miriam with the Miriam of the Old Testament, the sister of Moses, who lived hundreds of years before! The English translation by Mohsin Khan adds that this Aaron was “[not the brother of Musa (Moses), but he was another pious man at the time of Maryam (Mary)]”, but there is no evidence that Mary the mother of Jesus had a brother named Aaron. Muhammad likely got his stories mixed up, just like he calls several men in the Bible prophets (such as Adam and Noah), though there is no record of their having engaged in prophecy.
The same passage then goes on to say that Jesus spoke as a baby in the cradle! This story comes from the “Infancy Gospels”, which were false apocryphal writings claiming to be gospels that were rejected early on by the Church. While I have not studied Muhammad’s history at any great depth, it is my understanding that Muhammad picked up some of his ideas about the Bible and Christianity from some of the heretical Christians (Nestorians?) who had been driven out of the Christianized Roman empire into places like Arabia. It was from them that Muhammad would have picked up the story of Jesus speaking while a baby in the cradle, which Muhammad then included in the Quran, as allegedly the word of God.
In Surah 19:35, the Quran goes on to say “It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son…” And again, in verses 88-93,
“They say: ‘(Allah) Most Gracious has begotten a son! Indeed ye have put forth a thing most monstrous! At it the skies are ready to burst, the earth to split asunder, and the mountains to fall down in utter ruin, That they should invoke a son for (Allah) Most Gracious. For it is not consonant with the majesty of (Allah) Most Gracious that He should beget a son. Not one of the beings in the heavens and the earth but must come to (Allah) Most Gracious as a servant.”
This appears to be a major sticking point for Muslims. Their god is not able to do all things, apparently, if he cannot do something as simple as bringing another human being into existence, even if it is His son. The God of the Bible states: “Behold, I am the Lord, the God of all flesh; is anything too difficult for Me?” (Jeremiah 32:27; see also Genesis 18:14). Jesus made it clear that God was His Father. Muslims want to claim that they worship the same God as Jews and Christians but this is not the case. The God of Christians is the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. The Jews had God as their Father, and God is even called their Father in the Old Testament:
“For You are our Father, though Abraham does not know us
And Israel does not recognize us.
You, O Lord, are our Father,
Our Redeemer from of old is Your name.”
“But now, O Lord, You are our Father,
We are the clay, and You our potter;
And all of us are the work of Your hand.”
However, it was Jesus who really introduced to the world the concept of God as Our Father and His Father, and the world has known of “God the Father” ever since. Jesus was born of the virgin Mary by the supernatural work of the Holy Spirit. Perhaps Muslims think this would require sexual relations to take place (as in Greek mythology) and they are disgusted at the thought of a being like God condescending to have physical, sexual relations with a human being, Mary. And rightly so; Christians do not believe that God had physical, human sexual relations to conceive Jesus. Being God, He was able by His Spirit (a non-physical entity, the Spirit Himself being God) to cause Mary to conceive. In physical terms, God simply caused one of Mary’s eggs to fertilize and conceive Jesus. Why this is thought to be impossible for God to do is bewildering. As the Quran itself says, God only needs to say “Be!” and it is. If God can create man out of nothing, surely fertilizing a woman’s egg is an easy thing. (Perhaps in another post I will discuss why God’s whole purpose for the human race was to have children, to bring many sons and daughters to glory).
Muslims also wish to claim that Allah is the same as the God of the Jews in the Old Testament, who is the God and Father of Jesus Christ. As stated above, the God of those who follow Christ is God the Father. When the Jews rejected Jesus, they also rejected His Father. Jesus would therefore tell them “You are of your father, the devil.“ Christians who take the Bible seriously reject the notion that Muslims worship the same God as we do, and those who think about it will realize that the “God” the Jews hold to is not Who Jesus revealed Him actually to be. As Jesus said: “You know neither Me nor My Father; if you knew Me, you would know My Father also.”
I will leave it at this, for now. Of course, there is only one true God, and Jesus has said that He is the only Way to the Father. No one comes to the Father but through Jesus. Many do not like this; don’t blame me, I am just the messenger.